Alcohol Insights

Self-Affirmation-Based Enhancement of Risks/Harms-Feedback (SABER-F): First steps in the development of a novel theory-led internet intervention for heavy drinkers.

Small Grant

Harmful drinkers are generally aware that heavy drink can cause severe long-term health problems. Failure to act on such knowledge (e.g. by reducing consumption) is a hallmark of the addicted mindset, but is also seen in less severely affected individuals. How can such inaction be understood?

The Time of My Life Project: A Realist Evaluation

Research and Development Grant

The Time of My Life (TOML) project is a Birmingham-based alcohol service for people aged 50 years and older. It is one of a number of services delivered by the alcohol, drugs and gambling charity, Aquarius. This report presents findings from an evaluation conducted, primarily, in year 2 of the project. In particular, it presents the perspectives of a range of people who deliver or use TOML and should be read in conjunction with Aquarius’ TOML monitoring data.

An exploration of the role of alcohol in the life experiences of the homeless population in Merseyside, UK

Small Grant

Becoming homeless is often the result of several adverse life events occurring in a similar time-frame combined with a lack of available support. Having support networks is important in avoiding and overcoming homelessness. Alcohol is often used as a coping mechanism following mental health problems or adverse events. This can lead to both harmful and dependent drinking.

Evaluating the interactive effects of responsible drinking messages and attentional bias on actual drinking behaviours

Small Grant

Responsible drinking posters do not attract significant attention in bar environments and furthermore these posters had no effect on the consumption of beer among study participants

Delivering Alcohol IBA: Broadening the base from health to non-health contexts

Research and Development Grant

There is good evidence for the effectiveness of alcohol IBA (identification and brief advice) to address harmful drinking among patients in primary care and in hospital settings. There is a drive to expand delivery of IBA into other health and non-health contexts such as pharmacies and in criminal justice settings and some studies in university settings have also indicated a role for IBA in efforts to reduce harmful drinking with web-based approaches providing a possibly effective delivery mechanism.

Pharmacotherapy Utilisation in Alcohol Dependence

Small Grant

The use of pharmaceutical drugs in the treatment of people with alcohol dependence in conjunction with psychological/social support is recommended practice for certain patient groups. This study explored the use of acamprosate, disulfiram and naltrexone to treat those diagnosed with severe alcohol dependence and found the use of pharmacotherapy interventions for this patient group was low and that males and those from the most deprived areas are the least likely to receive this type of treatment.

Alcohol Stories: a lifecourse perspective on self-harm, suicide and alcohol use among men

Small Grant

This pilot study tested the feasibility of using life story methods to gain an understanding of the ways in which alcohol use correlates with mental health problems among men. Some important themes emerge from the research providing a useful insight into the complexities and connections associated with alcohol use, mental health, self-harm and suicide among men.

Evaluation of the Super Strength Free Scheme in East Newcastle upon Tyne

This is an evaluation of a Northumbria Police-led scheme that aims to tackle street drinking in the East of Newcastle.  It is based on a model developed by Suffolk Police, which encourages off-licences, on a voluntary basis, to remove high-strength beers and ciders from their shelves in order to tackle street drinking and anti-social behaviour. The East Newcastle scheme was developed by South Heaton (Byker) Neighbourhood Policing Team (NPT), implemented in January 2014 and became operational in July 2014. It was led by a dedicated Police Constable.

Frequent attenders to accident and emergency departments: a qualitative study of individuals who repeatedly present with alcohol-related health conditions

Research and Development Grant

Drinking at increasing and high risk levels occurs in a diverse range of drinking occasions including drinking in the home and at other people’s houses, and extends well beyond caricatures of youth binge drinking in urban centres Our study does not support a representation of the British drinking culture as one which is characterised by excessive consumption and drinking to intoxication, although this is one aspect of the culture

The 3rd National Emergency Department survey of Alcohol Identification and Intervention activity

Research and Development Grant

A typology of British drinking occasions can be constructed which identifies eight distinct occasion types. This typology has face validity with focus groups of drinkers. Almost half of Emergency Departments have strategies in place to tackle frequent attendees. There have been overall improvements in routine questioning about alcohol use among adults but routine questioning about alcohol use among U18’s is limited.